Saturday, 20 October 2012
Structure of the special forces detachments
Ü The "Special Forces Operational Detachment (SFOD) Alpha"
The so-called "A-Team" is the smallest unit in the Special Forces concept. This group can operate fully autonomous and is composed of 12 soldiers. The team leader is usually a captain, his deputy is a Lieutenant or Warrant officer (specialist service officer). Other facilities include a master sergeant serving as the highest non-commissioned officer, a sergeant first class as a news and defense expert, and two weapons specialists, two paramedics, two radio operators and two pioneers of the team. All team members have at least the rank of sergeant (NCO) and thanks to the double occupation of the A-Team can again be divided into two groups, each with 6 man.
Ü The Special Forces (Airborne) Company
6 A-team and a company-leading group form a Special Forces company. In an A-Team all HALO / HAHO Free Faller and divers of the company are summarized. The leadership group has 6 officers and 18 NCOs and the entire company comprises 96 soldiers.
Ü The Special Forces (Airborne) Battalion
Three companies and a staff group form a battalion. The staff is made up of nine officers and 22 NCOs. The battalion is led by a Lieutenant-Colonel (Lieutenant Colonel).
Ü The Special Forces (Airborne) Group
The largest unit within the Special Forces is the SF Group. This approximately 1,400 soldiers strong association is made up of a rod with a headquarters company, three SF battalions and extensive support staff. The association is under the command of a Colonel (Oberst).
The currently active SF Groups with their respective areas:
Ü Special Forces Group, Fort Lewis, Washington and Okinawa 1st (East Asia and Pacific)
Ü 3rd Special Forces Group, Fort Bragg (Caribbean and West Africa)
Ü 5th Special Forces Group, Fort Campbell, Kentucky (South West Asia and North Africa)
Ü 7th Special Forces Group, Fort Bragg and Fort Davis, Panama (Central and South America)
Ü 10th Special Forces Group, Fort Carson, Colorado, and Böblingen, Germany (Europe and West Asia)
SF Groups of reserve:
Ü 19th Special Forces Group (National Guard)
Ü 20th Special Forces Group (National Guard)
Ü The U.S. Army Special Forces Command
This association is led by a Major General, and combines all five active SF Groups.
The two SF Groups of the National Guard are like the 75th Ranger Regiment, the U.S. Army Special Forces Command and the John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School U.S. Army Special Operations Command (Special Operations Forces Command) assumed in Fort Bragg.
Special Forces practice urban warfare